From the March 1975 magazine.

About Alcoholism - Alcoholism Information, Research and Treatment

Alcohol-Crime Link

Many of these items are contrary to AA philosophy. Their publication here does not mean that the Grapevine endorses or approves them; they are offered solely for your information.

A psychological evaluation of 1,500 first offenders referred by the DA's office in Philadelphia, Pa., indicated that 48% were found to be psychologically dependent on alcohol, and a further 6% both psychologically and physically dependent. The study was reported by Eric W. Fine, Pascal Scoles, and Michael Mulligan.

-- Physician's Alcohol Newsletter

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