From the March 1979 magazine.

About Alcoholism - Alcoholism Information, Research and Treatment

Alcoholism Plus. . .

Many of these items are contrary to AA philosophy. Their publication here does not mean that the Grapevine endorses or approves them; they are offered solely for your information.

A study of Irish, male alcoholics admitted to hospital indicates 20% of them had a coexisting affective disorder. This is one of the highest rates in the literature.

Of 106 such patients, 82 had unipolar illness (66 depression and 16 elation), and 24 had both the depressive and manic mood swings of bipolar illness.

When compared to a group with primary alcoholism, and no...

-- The Journal Addiction Research Foun