From the October 1980 magazine.

About Alcoholism - Alcoholism Information, Research and Treatment

Top Research Grant

Many of these items are contrary to AA philosophy. Their publication here does not mean that the Grapevine endorses or approves them; they are offered solely for your information.

The most signficant potential in the work is that it may confirm, as many now suspect, that alcoholism is caused by chemical abnormalities rather than being a psychosocial phenomenon.

Vallee has found that man, unlike lower animals, has 15 forms of alcohol-converting enzymes (chemical catalysts) and that they vary from person to person and group to group. His findings indicate that...

-- Loretta McLaughlin

Boston, Mass.